If you track the history of ISO 9001 standards, the first initiative can be traced back to 1959, when Department of Defense published its MIL-Q-9858 Standard.
This MIL Q-9858 has been revised into NATO APQP Standards in 1969. Then the Civil Version is initiated by BSI, and published the BS 5179 guidance standards in 1974. Further this is revised into BS 5750 series of requirements Standards in 1979.
The First Version of ISO-9001 : ISO Started to work on these standards in 1981 and finally published the first version of ISO 9001:1987 retaining the same structure as BS 5750, in 1987. This Standard has three different versions ISO 9001, ISO 9002, ISO 9003.
ISO 9001:1987 – Model for quality assurance in design, development, production, installation, and servicing was for companies and organizations whose activities included the creation of new products.
ISO 9002:1987 – Model for quality assurance in production, installation, and servicing had basically the same material as ISO 9001 but without covering the creation of new products.
ISO 9003:1987 – Model for quality assurance in final inspection and test covered only the final inspection of finished product, with no concern for how the product was produced.
The emphasis in this version tended to be placed on conformance with procedures rather than the overall process of management—which was the actual intent.
The Version ISO 9001:1994 : ISO published this version in 1994 and the major change is that it emphasizes Quality Assurance via preventive actions, instead of just checking the final product. The requirement of documented procedures is also emphasized even though this is same in the previous version.
The Version of 2000 : ISO 9001:2004 is significantly different from the previous versions. the most important of this is the emphasis on process management. Also this version demands the involvement of top management,review of process performance, continual improvements to the quality system, monitoring of Customer satisfaction etc.
Another significant change is the integration of ISO9001, ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 into a single standard and calling it ISO 9001.There is a provision to exclude some clauses of design and development if the company is not involved in these activities.
The Version of 2008 : Released in Feb 2008, this version only introduces clarifications to ISO 9001:2000 and some clarifications to improve compatibility with ISO 14000:2004. These changes are included in the ISO 9001:2008.
Originally posted 2011-04-08 04:00:00.